高中英语2025届高考语法复习定语从句要点讲解

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1、高考英语语法复习定语从句要点讲解一、定语从句的关系代词只能用that 不用which 的5种情况:1)先行词是不定代词:all, few, little, much, something, nothing, anythin等。 e.g. All that we have to do is to practise every day.2)先行词被序数词或形容词最高级所修饰:The first lesson that I learned will never be forgotten.3)先行词被all, any, every, each, few, little, no, some等修饰:I h

2、ave read all the book (that) you gave me.4)先行词被 the only, the very, the same, the last修饰时:He is the only person that I want to talk to.5)先行词既有人又有物时:They talked of things and persons that they remembered in the school.【附加注意事项】先行词是表示地点的名词时,要根据从句的谓语动词是及物的还是不及物的来确定关系词。如果是及物的就用that (which),否则用where。This

3、is the house where he lived last year.This is the house that (which) he visited last year.二、定语从句中关系代词只能用which 引导的3种情况:(1) 当关系词前面有介词时,指物常用which。The prize for which he worked so hard was a new bike.He built a telescope through which he could study the skies.(2) 如果先行词本身是that 时,只用which.或者句子中出现了作指示代词的tha

4、t 时,为了避免用词重复。This is that which he bought yesterday.Is that the book (which) you borrowed from Mary?(3) which还有一种特殊用法,它可以引导从句修饰前面的整个主句,代替主句所表示的整体概念或部分概念。在这种从句中,which 可以作主语,也可以作宾语或表语,多数情况下意思是与and this 相似,例如:He succeeded in the competition, which made his parents very happy.He succeeded in the competi

5、tion, and this made his parents very happy.三、the same as 和 the same that的异同:一般认为the same as 和 the same that的区别就在于:as是表示相似,而that则表示同一。(注:这在语言学家之间是个有争议的观点,故不可能在正式试卷中涉及。)比如:This is the same bag as I lost yesterday.这个书包和我昨天丢失的相似。This is the same bag that I lost yesterday.这正是我昨天丢失的书包。【注释】用as表示相似,而用that则表

6、示同一是一种非常粗略的区分;更详细的区分如下:1. 当表示“相似”时,多用as,避免使用that。1)She has the same fair hair and blue eyes as her mother had.她和母亲一样有着同样的金黄色的头发和蓝色的眼睛。(as做had的宾语)2)This coffee is the same as we had at Mrs Dawsons. 这咖啡和我们在道森夫人家喝的一样。3)His hairs the same colour as her mothers. 她的头发和母亲的头发是同样的颜色。(mothers后面省略了is,所以as做表语)。以上句子中的as,不能代之以that表示“相似”。但是,薄冰教授认为这种限制已经有所突破,并举例如下:4)He uses the same book asthat you do. 他和你用的书是一样的(as

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